O sacred head, surrounded


O sacred head, surrounded
by crown of piercing thorn!
O bleeding head, so wounded,
reviled and put to scorn!
Our sins have marred the glory
of thy most holy face,
yet angel hosts adore thee
and tremble as they gaze

I see thy strength and vigor
all fading in the strife,
and death with cruel rigor,
bereaving thee of life;
O agony and dying!
O love to sinners free!
Jesus, all grace supplying,
O turn thy face on me.

In this thy bitter passion,
Good Shepherd, think of me
with thy most sweet compassion,
unworthy though I be:
beneath thy cross abiding
for ever would I rest,
in thy dear love confiding,
and with thy presence blest.


Words: Henry Williams Baker (1821-1877), 1861;
after Bernard of Clairvaux (1091-1153);
and Paul Gerhardt (1607-1676)

There are at least three source translations of this text into English; hymnal editors often mix and match these translations. As I go through the various hymnals, I will note below the variants which start with this opening line.

MIDI: Passion Chorale (Herzlich thut mich verlangen)
(Hans Leo Hassler, 1564-1612, arranged Johann Sebastian Bach, 1685-1750)

Meter: 76 76 D

Hymnal, Year Number Tunes Other comments
Hymns Ancient & Modern, 1861-1874 097 Passion Chorale  
The Anglican Hymn Book, 1868       
The Sarum Hymnal, 1869      
The Church Hymnal, 1871 (Hall & Whiteley)      
The Church Hymnal, 1874 (Goodrich & Gilbert)      
The Church Hymnal, 1874 (Tucker & Rousseau)      
The Church Hymnal, 1874 (Hutchins)      
Church Hymns with Tunes, 1874      
Church Hymnal (Church of Ireland), 1874 176 Passion Chorale  
Hymns Ancient & Modern, Standard, 1875-1924 111 Passion Chorale  
A Church of England Hymn Book, 1879      
The Universal Hymn Book, 1885      
The Hymnal Companion, 1890      
The Church Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged, 1892 (Darlington) 102 Thalberg  
The Church Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged, 1892 (Parker) 102 Passion Chorale  
The Church Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged, 1892 (Hutchins) 102 Passion Chorale, St. Christopher  
The Church Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged, 1892 (Tucker & Rousseau) 102 Passion Chorale  
The Church Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged, 1892 (Helfenstein) 102 St. Christopher  
The Church Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged, 1892 (Messiter) 102 Passion Chorale  
The Yattendon Hymnal, 1900
     
Church Hymns, New Edition, 1903      
Hymns Ancient & Modern, New Edition, 1904 122 Passion Chorale  
The English Hymnal, 1906      
The Book of Common Praise, 1908 139 Passion Chorale also has O sacred head, sore wounded at 140
The Hymnal 1916 158 Passion Chorale  
Church Hymnal for the Christian Year, 1917      
Church Hymnal (Church of Ireland), 1919 139 Passion Chorale  
Church Hymnal Revised, 1920
(Hutchins)
105 Passion Chorale, St. Christopher  
The Oxford Hymn Book, 1925 095 Passion Chorale  
Songs of Praise, 1925      
Songs of Praise, Enlarged Edition, 1931      
The Book of Common Praise, 1938 139 Passion Chorale Also has O sacred head, sore wounded at 140
The Hymnal 1940      
Hymns Ancient & Modern, Revised, 1950 111 Passion Chorale  
The Mirfield Mission Hymn Book, 1955      
Church Hymnal (Church of Ireland), 1960 109 Passion Chorale  
Anglican Hymn Book, 1965      
The Hymn Book 1971      
The Australian Hymn Book / With One Voice, 1977 255 Passion Chorale  
The Hymnal 1982      
Hymns Ancient & Modern, New Standard, 1983 068 Passion Chorale  
The New English Hymnal, 1985      
Hymns for Today's Church, second edition, 1988 139 Passion Chorale Text modernized
Church Family Worship, 1988      
Hymns Old & New, New Anglican Edition, 1996 389 Passion Chorale  
Common Praise (The Anglican Church of Canada), 1998 198 Passion Chorale  
Together in Song: The Australian Hymn Book II, 1999 339 Passion Chorale  
Sing Glory, 1999 385   Text modernized
Complete Mission Praise, 2000      
Common Praise: Hymns Ancient & Modern, 2000 119 Passion Chorale  
Hymns Old & New, Complete Anglican Edition, 2000 535 Passion Chorale  
Church Hymnal (Church of Ireland), 2000 235 Passion Chorale  

Website compiled by Steve Benner, 1999-2003.